A Numerical Portrait of Canadian Sexual Assault

Written by Annie O’Dell

460,000

The number of sexual assaults in one year

Reported to a survey

 

15,200

The number of sexual assaults in one year Reported to the police

 

5,544

How many sexual assault charges were laid in one year

 

2,824

How many sexual assault charges were prosecuted in one year

 

1991

The year the Supreme Court ruled that including a complainant’s sexual history

Was necessary to ensure a fair trial

 

1983

The year a man could no longer rape

His wife

 

273.1(1)

The article in the Criminal Code

That defines consent

 

97

The percentage of police-reported sexual assaults

With a male offender

 

83

The percentage of women with disabilities who have been sexually assaulted

 

80

The percentage of women who know their offenders

 

60

The percentage of college-aged men who admitted they would sexually assault

If they would not get caught

 

25

The percentage of women who will be sexually assaulted

And admit it

 

17

Someone is sexually assaulted in Canada

Every 17 minutes

 

16

The age of consent

 

10

The percentage of men who will be sexually assaulted

And admit it

 

8

The percentage of sexual assaults against adult men

Reported to the police

 

6

The percentage of all sexual assaults

Reported to the police

 

3

The number of times Ewanchuk was convicted of rape

Before R v Ewanchuk

 

2

The average sentence on a sexual assault conviction

In years

 

0.3

The percentage of sexual assaults that end In conviction

 

References:

Criminal Code, RSC 1985, c C-46.

R v Ewanchuk, [1990] 1 SCR 330.

R v Seaboyer, [1991] 2 SCR 577.

Kirk Makin, “How Canada’s Sex-Assault Laws Violate Rape Victims” The Globe and Mail (Oct 05, 2013) online: <http://www. theglobeandmail.com/news/national/ho-w-canadas-sex-assault- laws-violate-rape-victims/article14705289/?page=all>.

“Ewanchuk Sentenced to One Year for Sex Assault” CBC (Oct 20, 2000) online: <http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/ewanchuk- sentenced-to-one-year-for-sex-assault-1.230217>.

Holly Johnson, “Limits of a Criminal Justice Response: Trends in Police and Court Processing of Sexual Assault” in Elizabeth A. Sheehy, ed., Sexual Assault in Canada: Law, Legal Practice and Women’s Activism (Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 2012) 613-34.

SACHA Sexual Assault Centre, “Sexual Assault Statistics”, online:<http://sacha.ca/fact-sheets/statistics>.

Toronto Police Service, “Sex Crimes Unit: Investigative Section – Sexual Assault Squad”, online: <http://www.torontopolice.on.ca/ sexcrimes/sas/statistics.php>.

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